Now Club | Passive Voice
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Passive Voice

Passive Voice

In this section you will learn how to use Passive Voice. Passive voice is used when the focus is on the action. It is not important or not known, however, who or what is performing the action.

Theorical Explanation

Sentences can be active or passive. Therefore, tenses also have “active forms” and “passive forms.” You must learn to recognize the difference to successfully speak English.


Active Form

In active sentences, the thing doing the action is the subject of the sentence and the thing receiving the action is the object. Most sentences are active.


[Thing doing action] + [verb] + [thing receiving action]


Active form: Joe is eating an ice cream.


Passive Form

You can use the passive form if you think that the thing receiving the action is more important or should be emphasized. You can also use the passive form if you do not know who is doing the action or if you do not want to mention who is doing the action.


[Thing receiving action] + [be] + [past participle of verb] + [by] + [thing doing action]


Passive form: An Ice cream is being eaten (by Joe).


Now let’s see if you’re getting it right. First you have to report the speech in the present (see the example in theoretical explanation). Second you have to report the speech like it had happened in the past. For each one you fail, you have to hi5 yourself on the forehead once!!

1. Joe loves cookies.

R: Cookies are loved by Joe.



2. He is doing some crazy things.

R: __________________________________________________________________________

3. We will miss you!

R: __________________________________________________________________



4. I have been working on my car

R: __________________________________________________________________

Solution: Check with the professor
What to change

There are a few things you have to be aware when changing active voice to passive voice.



Pronouns are changed from the beginning to the end of the sentence.




I killed a man.

A man was killed by me.


We are saving the planet.

The planet is being saved by us.


Present Simple


A: Jose speaks English.

P: English is spoken by Jose.

Present Continuous


A: Jose is speaking English.

P: English is being spoken by Jose.

Past Simple


A: Jose spoke English

P: English was spoken by English.

Past Continuous


A: Jose was speaking English.

P: English was being spoken by Jose.

Present Perfect


A: Jose has spoken English.

P: English has been spoken by Jose

Past Perfect


A: Jose had spoken English.

P: English had been spoken by Jose



A: Jose will speak English.

P: English will be spoken by Jose.



A: Jose will have spoken English.

P: English will have been spoken by Jose.



A: Jose can speak English

P: English can be spoken by Jose.



A: Jose could speak English.

P: English could be spoken by Jose.



A: Jose would speak English.

P: English would be spoken by Jose.

Would (II)


A: Jose would have spoken English.

P: English would have been spoken by Joe.


Some of these look really hard, right? But once again, you can use the word-by-word magic that will make it a lot easier!



Now you will learn a very smart trick. It’s very useful if you don’t know how to translate a sentence from Portuguese to English! It is named Word-by-word because you can say it in Portuguese and translate directly word by word.

Let’s see what kind of sorcery is this….

It works!! Now let’s try with more complex sentences.


Let’s see some examples of passing a active voice to a passive voice.




Active Voice: Ele está a cozinhar o jantar.

Passive Voice: O jantar está a ser cozinhado por ele.




Active Voice: He is cooking the dinner.

Passive Voice: The dinner is being cooked by him.


Active Voice: Nós temos estado a fazer um bolo.

Passive Voice: Um bolo tem sido feito por nós.


Active Voice: We have been making a cake.

Passive Voice: A cake has been made by us

To Practice

Pass the following sentences from Active Voice to Passive Voice. If you have any doubt just send us an email.


You are reading a book.

He has written a poem.

She was climbing a tree.

They have done a study.

They had sung a song.

It bit the man.


And the question for the 1.000.000 USD………….

We have been watching TV.

The End