Now Club | Auxiliares
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Verbos Auxiliares

Auxiliary Verbs

In this section you will learn the auxiliary verbs.Tought that verbs were super-heroes and didn’t need any help?? You were wrong..

We present you: Auxiliary Verbs!!

If we translate some verbs to portuguese, we have, for example, the following terms:

So, what if we try to translate a more complex verb.. does it makes sense!? It doesn’t sound very good..

SMILED – RIDO

WERE – ERAM

IS – É

LOVING – A AMAR

AM – SOU

DID – FIZ

LIKED – GOSTOU/GOSTADO

BEEN – SIDO

HAD – TIDO

EATS – COME

BEING – A SER

HAVING – A TER

WAS – ERA

SEEN – VISTO

I AM – EU SOU

YOU WERE – TU FOSTE

SHE DID – ELA FEZ

WE WERE – NÓS ÉRAMOS

HE HAD – ELE TINHA

SHE EATS – ELA COME

THEY SEE – ELES VÊM

I BEEN – EU SIDO

SHE EATEN – ELA COMIDO

YOU HAVING – TU TENDO

HE DONE – ELE FEITO

THEY DOING – ELES FAZENDO

WE LIKING – NÓS GOSTANDO

I SEEN – EU VISTO

 

WHAT!?!?!? This doesn´t sound very good… why is that?

Theorical Explanation

 

An auxiliary verb is a verb that adds functional or grammatical meaning to the clause in which it appears. They usually accompany a main verb. The main verb provides the meaning of the clause.

 

An example is the verb have in the sentence I have finished my dinner.

Here, the main verb is finish, and the auxiliary have helps to express the perfect aspect.

 

So, what you’re probably thinkig by now is: “What are the auxiliar verbs that I can use?” To answer that we asked some people on the streets and we found a great answer to that, given by your best friend: Wikipedia! 😉

 

be (am, are, is, was, were, being, been), can, could, dare, do (does, did), have (has, had, having), may, might, must, need, ought, shall, should, will, would.

 

Did you memorize them all? No? We know you didn’t, it wasn’t suppose to anyway……

Exercice

Now let’s see if you’re getting it right. Try to match the auxiliar verbs on the list above in the sentences below. For each one you fail, you have to do a push-up!!

1. You _____ doing it wrong, dude!

a) have

b) are

c) must

 

2. I _____ scored 2 goals on yesterday’s match.

a) must

b) am

c) have

3. Some people _____ say that they don’t believe in heaven.

a) might

b) are

c) been

 

4. I’m not sure if I _____ done my homework…

a) must

b) am

c) have

Solution: 1.b 2.c 3a 4.c
Negative and Questions

Auxiliary Verbs help you a lot. What if I told that you can’t say a Negative sentence or make a Question without them. Don’t you believe? Try it!

 

I like potatoes. (Eu gosto de batatas)

 

Now try to say the sentence above in the negative. Did you say “I not like potatoes.”? Well, it’s not correct..

The answer is “I don’t like potatoes”. You see? It’s not possible to say it without a auxiliary verb. Are we clear? No? Ok.. let me give you a few more examples:

 

Examples:

  1. I love you! <3
  2. You run very fast!
  3. They break everything.
How to use

Here is a list of the main auxiliary verbs that will help you to construct 90% of the sentences for now:

Now, you’re probably asking: What is a hobo doing in the slide?”, right? That’s the only thing we can’t explain.. Getting back to auxilary verbs, let’s focus on the verb To Do and see some examples of how it can help you to make questions and negatives:

Question

I like food – I don’t like food

She eats a lot – She doesn’t eat a lot

She stole my food – She didn’t steal my food

They laughed about it – They didn’t laugh about it

I died.. – I didn’t die!

Negative

I like food – Do I like food?

She eats a lot – Does she eat a lot?

She stole my food – Did she steal my food?

They didn’t laughDidn’t they laugh?

I died.. – Did I die?

So, you’re now starting to understand why Auxiliary Verbs are very important! They are called auxiliary because they get all the changes you would do to the main verb. Let’s observe the following sentence:

“someone” like(s) food.

Question

If you want to make a question

 

Afirmative:

I like food.

You/we/they like food.

He/She like food.

 

Question:

Do I like food?

Do You/we/they like food?

Does He/She like food?

 

Examples:

I have eaten food – Have I eaten food?

She has been working a lot – Has she been working a lot?

We are playing football – Are we playing football?

They had liked the movie – Had they liked the movie?

He was sleepingWas he sleeping?

You had been writing a poem – Had you been writing a poem?

We were having a class – Were we having a class?

Negative

When you want to say something in the negative.

 

Positive:

I like food.

You/we/they like food.

He/She like food.

 

Negative:

I don’t like food.

You don’t /we/they like food.

He/She doesn’t like food.

 

Examples:

I have eaten food – I havn’t eaten food

She has been working a lot – She hasn’t been working a lot

We are playing football – We aren’t playing football

They had liked the movie – They hadn’t liked the movie

He was sleeping – He wasn’t sleeping

You had been writing a poem – You hadn’t been writing a poem

We were having a class – We weren’t having a class


So, in the examples above, why do the main verb is not in the infinitive? It’s quite simple. When the sentence have a reference to a continuous action, the main verb suffers a change too. Does it sound hard? It is! However, Now Club is here to make your life easier and what is supposed to be a big challenge in the learning of English, it turns out to be actually very simple.

Word-by-word

Now you will learn a very smart trick. It’s very useful if you don’t know how to translate a sentence from Portuguese to English! It is named Word-by-word because you can say it in Portuguese and translate directly word by word.

 

Let’s see what kind of sorcery is this….

It works!! Now let’s try with more complex sentences, using some auxiliary verbs.

To Practice

Write 5 sentences in Portuguese and translate it to English (you can use the Verbs Paper that was given to you in class). If you have any doubt just send us an email.

Examples:
  • Ontem a Rita esteve doente.
  • Eles têm comido tudo.
  • O João era muito gordo, agora é magro!
  • Se eu fosse um animal, era um tigre.

 

And now, a question for 1.000 points………

 

Eu tenho estado a tentar passar no Exame.

The End